SSD vs HD | What is the Difference between HDD and SSD? | How to Transfer the Data?

What is the difference between HDD and SSD hard drives? Well, first we should check what are they actually and then you will have a complete idea of picking the right one for your PC.

As you know, the hard drive is a key component of a computer that plays a vital role in storing and retrieving the information. These Hard Disks can store many files such as documents, music, videos, images, etc.

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What is HDD and SSD?

Hard Disk Drive (HDD) is introduced in 1956. HDD makes use of magnetic storage media for storing data. It is used to store data on a rotating platter with a read/write head floating above that spinning platter.

Hard disk drives are in use for several decades, as they offer good performance and safety features. But due to the introduction of high-end fast processing computers, the operational capacities of HDDs were lagging the required capacity.

HDD vs SSD

So, the people are switching to Solid State Drives (SDD), which are the latest kind of computer storage devices available in the market

In SSD, there will be no moving parts. They are much safer and faster hard disk drives as they store data in the form of memory flashes without the use of any rotating mechanical parts.

SSD’s are like USB drives in which they store data on microchips. Reading and writing are performed by a controller, which is an embedded processor.

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Differences between HDD and SDD

Speed

Speed is the main advantage of an SSD. Coming to HDD, it requires a long time to retrieve data, as the disk, must spin to find the exact location. But SSD can access the data electronically, which results in fast booting and transfer speeds.

SSDs are much faster since data can be accessed instantly. Compare to HDD, an SSD-equipped PC will work super-fast. It will load OS in less than a minute and run applications at blazing speed. Whereas the HDDs equipped computer takes much time to load the operating system and will continue to perform slow.

Capacity and Cost

HDDs come at low cost and can store larger amounts of Data. A computer with a 1 TB (TeraByte) HDD costs around the same as the similar computer that has a 128 GB (GigaByte) SSD.

SSDs are more expensive than HDDs. Any SSDs that are over 512GB are beyond the price range of most people. But, on the other hand, HDD having large capacities such as 1TB/2TB available for low budget prices. But, buying SSD means you are having a faster and far more durable data storage option.

difference between HDD and SSD

Reliability

Due to moving parts in HDDs, the longer we use the more chances to end up failing. It might happen due to shock and damage as well.

As you know SSD has no moving parts, and it is a non-mechanical design of flash storage that is mounted on a circuit board. And SSD is free of overheat issues, so no need for a cooling fan, which results in less power consumption. Also, SSDs provide better performance and reliability and keeps your data safe compared to HDDs.

Noise

HDDs makes noise as it must spin back and forth to access the data you need. Both internal and external HDDs also makes noise. Sometimes it might make a little louder noise too. When it comes to SSD, due to its flash memory it makes no noise at all.

Heat

As I mentioned earlier, no moving part means no heat, that makes your data in SSD more safe and secure. So, it is recommended to keep SSD as your main storage option, and you can keep other less important data in HDD on the same computer.

How to move files from HDD to SSD

Step 1: Prepare your system

Connect your new/old hard drive to your system, depending on how and why you are migrating. To connect hard drives to the computer, there are plenty of options, but the best one is SATA Cables.

Find a free slot on your motherboard to plug the drive (using SATA Cables which looks like in below picture) into and a spare power cable coming from your SMPS (power supply) and you should be up and running. On the other hand, external SSD can be connected using a USB connection or any other simpler option.

Now to move Windows installation files to an SSD, we need to separate the data such as documents, pictures, music, videos to another disc as these are not part of OS files and it shouldn’t be transferred to your new SSD due to less space(128 GB).

SATA Cable - Flash Storage vs SSD

If you can afford in buying high capacity SSD such as 500GB/1TB, then you can transfer all your data from old drive to new one.

And, using the Windows cleanup tool, clean all the junk files too such as temp files, recycle bin data and any previous windows installations that you don’t need, etc. You can find this tool by typing in the Windows search bar with its name and then click on the respective link. Usually, this process should be completed in less time.

The best way to move Windows 10 or any other OS from HDD to an SSD is by using a cloning tool. This tool copies everything on the old drive and pastes onto your new SSD.

Step2: Install data migration tool

In Windows, there are no tools to clone or transfer your operating system to a new hard drive. But this can be done by using 3rd party apps. In general, all these apps have the best cloning functions that can be useful in moving Windows 10 OS from an old drive to a new SSD. Below are the best tools that I recommend.

EaseUS Todo Backup (Free): It is free and easy enough for most people to use. Also, the tool is good in cloning the data from a larger disc to smaller ones. And it is very friendly to both Windows newbies and power users.

AOMEI Backupper Standard: It is the best backup solution that people are using for a long time, and it is one of my best choices for taking the data backups and cloning data, etc.

In this case, I’m going with the AOMEI tool. So, let’s consider you have downloaded, and the AOMEI tool. Now it is time to take a backup of your entire data to a separate external hard drive or to a cloud backup service using this tool.

Why Data Backup? Because, if something goes wrong, then we shouldn’t lose our data.

Backup Process may take some time to complete, once it is done then we can move on to the migration procedure.

Step 3: Migration Process

Now open your cloning application and look for the option to Migrate/Clone OS to SSD/HDD. It should open a new window with the detect the drives that are connected to your system and ask you for a destination drive.

Choose your destination drive, which is your new SSD and make sure it has enough space.

how to move files from ssd to hdd

Once you can see all the hard drives detected in Windows 10, then Select the HDD where your Windows 10 OS resides and click “Next”.

ssd vs hdd gaming

Now choose a destination drive to migrate your Windows 10 to SSD and click “Next” to proceed.

flash storage vs ssd

Note: As we have done for HDD data backup, do it for your SSD drive as well. If there is any data in it. Because you cannot access the from it as the partitions on the SSD will be overwritten.

Click on the “Start” button which will start the migration process. By the way, if the destination drive has been used before, then you will have the option to delete partitions on it. You may do it if you want, but If you are not sure about it, then better delete the partitions.

aomei system clone summary

The tool also provides you an option to resize the partitions on destination drive when they migrate over. Choose the right one to fit and optimize partitions to the new drive.

If all good, then proceed with the final step. Sometimes, the migration process may take much time. Once it is done, restart your system and check everything works as expected.

Conclusion

That’s all about what is HDD & SSD, what are the differences between them and how we can clone Windows 10 from HDD to SSD. See how easy to Transfer data from HDD to SSD, isn’t it?

Finally, I hope you have got some help here, and please let us know if you have any suggestions for us by commenting below. Thanks for reading, and please don’t forget to share this with your friends.

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